There is a long history of minority research in ethnomusicology, although it was not always labelled as such. It includes the research on Native Americans as well as national approaches in Europe from the end of the 19th century. The emergence of urban ethnomusicology in the 1970s was an important input to minority studies, as well as the research on migration movements. Since 1997, the discourses on the topic have beeen greatly influenced by the ICTM Study Group on Music and Minorities. Every two years, the Study Group organizes a symposium at changing locations. Selected contributions from these events result in publications.

Selected publications recommended for further reading

Bezić, Jerko (ed.). 1985. Glazbeno stvaralaštvo narodnosti (narodnih manjina) i etničkih grupa / Traditional Music of Ethnic Groups – Minorities. Zagreb: Institute of Folk Art.

Hemetek, Ursula. 2007. Approaching Studies on Music of Minorities in European Ethnomusicology. In: European Meetings in Ethnomusicology 12: 37-48

Hemetek, Ursula. 2015. Applied Ethnomusicology as an Intercultural Tool: Some Experiences from the Last 25 Years of Minority Research in Austria. In: The Oxford Handbook of Applied Ethnomusicology, edited by Svanibor Pettan and Jeff Todd Titon. Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press 2015, 229-277

Hemetek, Ursula. 2016. History, Theory and Methods of Minority Research in Ethnomusicology The Past, the Present and Visions for the Future. In: World Music Studies, edited by Regine Allgayer-Kaufmann. Berlin: Logos Verlag, 93-112

Pettan, Svanibor. 2012. Music and Minorities. An Ethnomusicological Vignette. In: New Unknown Music. Essays in Honour of Niksa Gligo, edited by Dalibor Davidovič and Nada Bezić. Zagreb: DAF, 447-456

Reyes, Adelaida. 2001. Music, Migration and Minorities: Reciprocal Relations. In: Glasba in manjsine / Music and Minorities, edited by Pettan, Svanibor, Adelaida Reyes and Maša Komavec. Ljubljana: ZRC Publishing and Institute of Ethnomusicology SRC SASA, 37-45

Reyes, Adelaida. 2007. Urban Ethnomusicology Revisited. An Assessment of Its Role in the Development of Its Parent Discipline. In: Cultural Diversity in the Urban Area: Explorations in Urban Ethnomusicology (= klanglese 4), edited by Ursula Hemetek and Adelaida Reyes. Vienna: Department of Folk Music Research and Ethnomusicology, 15-26